Corporal punishment has a hugely negative impact on learning of the students.

By Guest Writer

Dear editor, In Uganda most children are facing a big challenge of child abuse.

Child abuse in simple term may refer to the violation or infringement or misdemeanour of the legal entitlement to have of the children.

Last week when I was interacting with some of the children in my community (kyakaboga village, Buseruka Hoima- Uganda), I got to discover that about seventy percent (70%) of the children in my community are faced with the challenges.

A number of them reported that in many occasions they are denied their rights, some parents have denied their children the right to education.

This is being done through the failure to buy school materials for the kids to take to school. We have a government aided school in the community but the parents of the pupils adamantly refuse to provide the materials.

Some of them are being subjected to corporal punishment. They are chastised heavily of minor mistakes they do. Some other means of child abuse include battering, kicking, sexual abuse and others.


Some families use children as young as ten years to plant, weed and harvest crops from the farm lands. These children maybe their biological children or the adopted members of the family.

This has frustrated the children and makes them assume their future as a misfortune. Hope have been reduced or diminished in these kids as they have low esteem and are hopeless of their life.

Corporal punishment has a hugely negative impact on learning of the students. A quarter of the children say they missed school in the past years due to experiencing physical violence and it contributes to the reason as to why there is high rate of school dropout in Uganda today.

This kind of abuse is totally illegal but little or inadequate measures have been set to solve it even the cases are sometimes reported to the concerned authority.

Violence against children has been recognized as public health problem by the world health organization. Five out of eight aims let by the special session of the United Nations general assembly in 2015 as eighth Millennium Development Goals are directly related to the wellbeing of the children.

WHO defines children as those people who are below the age of eighteen (18). Children who have been abused or neglected may have different behavioral changes or emotional manifestations.

They probably make a child stay quiet or have bad temper, some may drastically fail examinations; others can face challenges of nightmares as their lives are kept under risks. Emotional damages are more severe than any physical damage with long lasting effects.

I argue government and non-governmental organizations concerned to take part in curbing down the rate of child abuse as it’s so much influential in the real life of the victims.

These possible solutions maybe; taking serious action against people who violate children’s rights like reporting the suspects to police, NGOs can make advocacy campaign that creates awareness about the possible rights of the children to the public and the negative impact of the crime.

The author is Robert Pitua Working with the Oil Refinery Residents Associations (Kabaale-Buseruka, Hoima District).

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